Implicit method

The MD System is an implicit test method. With this test, our unconscious think- and behavioural patterns become conscious.


Quality criteria

Although it is difficult to compare implicit and explicit methods, we provide you with all the important scientific findings with regard to the MD Test.

PSI-Theory by Prof. Dr.Kuhl

The PSI theory as proposed by Prof.Dr. Julius Kuhl (Germany) plus Daniel Kahnemann (Nobel Prize) offers fascinating insights into our understanding of how different personalities come about. Among other things, a central question of his work focuses on the physiology of our brain when considering processes of our self-monitoring and self-control.


Implicit Method

Implicit means…

A. Mental Diagnostics

 Is currently underrepresented in competitive- and professional sports. It should be used more frequently in, e.g., scouting.


B. Implicit


We call tests implicit that analyse unconscious processes and motives. The MD-Test is an implicit test by ViP/Psyfiers AG (Suisse) because it employs only exercises that test our perception. Unlike explicit tests, the MD Test cannot be influenced or manipulated through, e.g. social desirability.


What are we measuring?

The MD Test measures preferences of perception and their characteristics, which influence our thought- and behavioural pattern.


Intake of information or perceptual reception (S+A)


S: Object Recognition

Precision, accuracy, intake of information through our five senses


A: Intuitive Behaviour Control

The speed of taking action (impulse), efficiency, behaviour and risk strategies


The appraisal after perception (O+P)

O: Intension Memory

Knowledge about facts, plans, sustainability, orientation and orderliness of motives.


P: Extension Memory

Holistic knowledge, empathy, assessment of experiences, creativity.


The need for stimulation and security. What stimulates me? What are the deciding factors? How does this relate to introversion and extraversion?


The need for security allows for conclusions to be made about one’s attitude towards life, through alternatives and options or ambition and stability as in rituals.



Our personal way of perceiving information and the processing of information influences the way we do sports and the mental strategies we employ.


One instrument that measures the systems mentioned above is the MD Test. This test employs visual items and measures unconscious personality systems. We perceive the most information through our eyes: 10.000.000 bits/seconds. Only a fraction of this information, 40 bits/seconds are consciously processed, i.e. 0.0004%.


By employing the MD (ViP / Suisse), we are able to provide coaches and athletes with meaningful insights into the behaviour during practice and competition, about person and position fit, as well as optimal strategies for personal development.


The MD Test measures the first impulse, the first step that our individual brain takes. How is the brain functioning in a first time experience as the test is unknown.



Sport is fascinating. It is full of motivation, emotions, formative experiences, and one encounters people with various different personalities along the way. Everyone has his or her beliefs, way to sucess and character, which sometimes is in the way.


That is a typical phenomenon and a typical response when working with people with different personalities.


The MD Test does not value certain traits over others. Each personality is unique and has its own strengths and weaknesses. What matters is the fit to the task.


The MD Test helps to answer this important question and tells us whether you are a tactician, captain, or of creative character. It also allows conclusions about your favourite position (and why this is!), your stamina, your motivational basis (essentially your ambition), your communication patterns, your behaviour under stress, your basic emotions, and much more.


Quality Criteria

Explicit vs implicit



Scientific findings


Explicit (e.g. NEO-FFI; CPI) and implicit tests (ViQ) are moderately correlated but they probably  measure different aspects of personality (conscious and unconscious) that add up to an overall pattern of personality.




The advantages of implicit tests compared to tests that employ explicit questions are obvious. Explicit statements are processed consciously while visual cues are processed unconsciously. Hence, an explicit test primarily measures how we think about ourselves. However, oftentimes this picture, how we see ourselves, is influenced by our desires and expectations of ourselves and others. The MD/PST bypasses this phenomenon.




A visual personality test cannot be manipulated. When you choose a picture that you like, the test has a good indication about your individual, unconscious, and central systems of your brain. Preferring some pictures over others is a consequence of your personality. It has been shown that people with different personalities have different preferences in perception of visual cues:


We differ and agree in our taste for things and objects.


 By making a choice between simple but validated pictures, the test shows your individual, unconscious and central systems of your brain.



PSI Theory by Prof. Dr. Kuhl


Self-regulation describes the ability to situationally change one’s own thoughts, emotions, and moods. The achievement of a goal is very much dependent on the ability to regulate oneself.


For example, whether one remains capable of making decisions in difficult situations or is determined to try new plays after being unsuccessful, these are fundamental factors to being successful in competitive sports. Furthermore, focus and the management of one’s personal goals depend on the ability to regulate oneself.



Motives are a central element of personality. They are drivers that motivate our behaviours and define the way we act: they inform us about whether we prefer to be close to other human beings, whether we like to be in positions of power, and whether we prefer to strive for self-development and optimal performance. We use tests to measure implicit and explicit motives. By doing so, we are able to compare conscious and unconscious motivations.




Cognitive effectiveness

Last but not least, our cognitive effectiveness is an important predictor of athletic performance. For example: increase of concentration, better perception and automatization of processes.


More Information under:

Kuhl PSI Theory by Prof. Dr. David Schef
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 350.5 KB
Literature_Chapter Kuhl.pdf
Adobe Acrobat Dokument 214.4 KB

Heiko Hansen Coaching
Holsatenallee 21a, 24576 Bad Bramstedt


 In Kooperation mit Psyfiers AG, Zug (Schweiz)